The Trail of Broken Treaties caravan was meant to draw attention to issues facing Native Americans, but the press did not bother with coverage of the Trail until the occupation of the Bureau of Indian Affairs at the beginning of November 1972. White and Native newspapers, television, government reports, and others all interpreted the Trail and occupation differently in public discourse, giving meaning to the ways newsmakers presented the event and portrayed the activists. This archive focuses on bringing together historical materials related to the Trail and occupation of the BIA and allows readers to explore news reports and develop their own understanding of the ways the Trail was reported on, ignored, contextualized, or interpreted by the press.

The early stages of this archive focused on newspaper coverage at the national, regional and local level but has expanded to encompass all news forms from newspapers, television, and news magazines, as well as contextual documents such as government reports, activist documents, speeches, treaties, speeches, and books that exist to help give context to events and attitudes. As the project develops, additional forms of representation, interpretation, and narrative will be added to fill out the archive.

Document Type

All (117) | Newspaper Reports (64) | Newspaper Opinions (19) | Television Reports (25)
News Magazines (2) | Books (3) | Treaties (1) | Statutes (1) | Government Documents (1)
Speeches (1) | Activist Documents (1)

Deloria, Vine Jr. Custer Died for Your Sins: An Indian Manifesto, 1969
Vine Deloria Jr. emerged as a key intellectual in the formulation of Red Power's political thinking. In his first book Deloria issued a scathing critique of American society, criticizing sterotypes and the treatment of American Indians. Deloria also contended that "urban Indians have become the cutting edge of the new nationalism."

Deloria, Vine Jr. Beind the Trail of Broken Treaties: An Indian Declaration of Independence, 1974
In another of Deloria's influential works, he explores the Twenty Points paper and attempts to demonstrate American Indians had valid reasons to insist upon restarting treaty-making with Indian Nations.

Burnette, Robert and John Koster. The Road to Wounded Knee, 1974
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